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Keywords:

  • x Triticosecale;
  • Triticum aestivum;
  • elimination;
  • doubled haploids

Abstract

The study was undertaken to evaluate the relative efficiency of different Gramineae genera for haploid induction in triticale (x Triticosecale) and triticale × wheat (Triticum aestivum) hybrids through the chromosome elimination (wheat × maize, Zea mays) system. Eight intergenotypic triticale and 15 triticale x wheat crosses were subjected to hybridization with nine different Gramineae genera viz., Z. mays, Sorghum bicolor, Pennisetum americanum, Setaria italica, Festuca arundinacea, Imperata cylindrica, Cynodon dactylon, Lolium temulentum and Phalaris minor in two separate experiments. This was followed by in vivo auxin treatment of the crossed spikes and subsequent rescue of the haploid embryos to regenerate green haploid plantlets. All the triticale and triticale x wheat crosses resulted in seed set in variable frequencies when hybridized with maize, I. cylindrica, pearl millet and sorghum. Seed set was also obtained with S. italica, F. arundinacea and P. minor in a few crosses in both groups. In general, all the triticale x wheat crosses, except for one in each case, resulted in embryo formation and green haploid plantlet regeneration when hybridizations were carried out with maize and I. cylindrica. However, the latter outperformed the former in embryo formation (25.48% vs. 20.0%) and regeneration (34.17% vs. 15.10%) frequencies, the differences being significant for regeneration frequencies. In the case of triticale hybrids, no significant differences between maize and I. cylindrica were observed for the three parameters of haploid induction. Embryo formation and regeneration were also observed in some of the triticale as well as triticale × wheat F1 hybrids when hybridized with sorghum and pearl millet.