During 1997–2001, a total of 430 Thoroughbred mares were mated by one of the two Thoroughbred stallions on a well-managed stud farm in the central part of Sweden. On arrival, a thorough gynaecological examination of all mares was performed. An early pregnancy examination was performed on days 14 and 15 after ovulation. The overall conception rates for the two stallions were 92.2 and 88.8%, and the corresponding live foal rates were 82.6 and 75.2%, respectively. The mean number of served oestrous cycles was 1.60 per mare per conception and 1.86 per live foal. The first and second cycle conception rates are reported for different age groups, mare categories and month of mating. The age of the mares had a significant influence on the live foal rate, being lower for mares >13 years of age. Resorption and abortion occurred in higher percentages among mares >8 years of age. The highest embryonic death occurred among mares with a history of being barren, or with having resorbed or aborted foetuses during the previous season. The month of mating had no significant influence on the first cycle conception rate or the second cycle conception rate. The frequency of twinning was 10.5% and the results of manual crushing of one of the conceptuses was successful in 88.9% of all cases, according to the ultrasound scanning 2 days later.