The aim of the present study was to compare the influence of room temperature (27°C) and 4°C during glycerol addition on canine semen cryopreservation and verify the effect of different post-thawing dilutions on canine semen. Ten ejaculates from five stud dogs were collected by digital manipulation. Semen samples were evaluated and further divided into two aliquots. The first aliquot was extended in Tris-egg yolk-glycerol at 27°C and the second one received glycerol at 4°C. Samples were frozen and stored in liquid nitrogen. After 1 week, samples were thawed and submitted to evaluations of progressive sperm motility, morphology, acrosomal integrity, hypo-osmotic swelling (HOST) and thermoresistance tests. For thermoresistance test, aliquots were divided in two portions: one portion was kept undiluted (1 : 0) and the other one was diluted in a 1 : 4 ratio (one part semen to four parts extender). No differences were observed between temperatures for glycerol addition regarding seminal parameters evaluated. Furthermore, post-thawing dilutions demonstrated similar effect on canine semen longevity. Correlations among post-thaw sperm motility and HOST and results from thermoresistance test were observed for both temperatures for glycerol addition. In conclusion, glycerol could be added to canine semen at room temperature (27°C) or at 4°C. Moreover, there is no need to extend canine semen after thawing for the thermoresistance test, but if we need to increase the inseminating volume for artificial inseminations, the addition of extender will not damage the semen.