Conflict of interest: The author declares no conflict of interest.
Reproduction in Domestic Buffalo
Article first published online: 9 JUL 2008
© 2008 The Author. Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Verlag
Reproduction in Domestic Animals
Special Issue: 16th International Congress on Animal Reproduction
Volume 43, Issue Supplement s2, pages 200–206, July 2008
How to Cite
Perera, B. (2008), Reproduction in Domestic Buffalo. Reproduction in Domestic Animals, 43: 200–206. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0531.2008.01162.x
- Issue published online: 9 JUL 2008
- Article first published online: 9 JUL 2008
The domestic buffalo is an indispensable livestock resource to millions of smallholder farmers in developing countries, particularly in Asia. Although its reproductive biology is basically similar to that of cattle, there are important differences and unique characteristics that need to be considered in order to apply modern reproductive technologies to improve its productivity. Under most smallholder production systems, the reproductive efficiency of buffalo is compromised by factors related to climate, management, nutrition and diseases. However, when managed and fed properly, buffalo can have good fertility and provide milk, calves and draught power over a long productive life. The basic technical problems associated with artificial insemination in buffalo were largely overcome two decades ago, but the technology has not had the expected impact in some developing countries, because largely of infrastructural and logistic problems. Approaches involving the use of hormones for treating anoestrus and for synchronizing oestrus have had varying rates of success, depending on the protocols used and the incidence of underlying problems that cause infertility. Embryo technologies such as multiple ovulation embryo transfer, in vitro embryo production, cryopreservation and cloning are being intensively studied but have had far lower success rates than in cattle. Improving the productivity of buffalo requires an understanding of their potential and limitations under each farming system, development of simple intervention strategies to ameliorate deficiencies in management, nutrition and healthcare, followed by judicious application of reproductive technologies that are sustainable with the resources available to buffalo farmers.