Maternal communication with gametes and embryo remains to be an important research subject in reproductive biology. This is mainly because of the central role that events taking place during this period play in establishment of pregnancy and creation of an offspring. The benefits of understanding how gametes and embryo communicate with maternal tract are not limited to improving conception rates or better fertility. It is apparent that gametes and embryo interactions form the basis of the periconceptional environment. These events play a major role in forming the epigenetic profile of an individual, influencing its development and health in adulthood. In this paper, I will describe some ideas and opinions on the new strategies and tools needed for further understanding of maternal communication with gametes and embryo.