Mary-Ann Bonney, MAppSc (OT) BAppSc, is Coordinator of the Diabetes Complications Assessment Service at The Children's Hospital, Camperdown, Sydney. At the time of writing she was a final year Master of Applied Science (Occupational Therapy) student at the University of Sydney, and occupational therapist with the Therapy Resource Team, Chatswood Child and Family Health, Royal North Shore Hospital, Sydney.
Understanding and Assessing Handwriting Difficulty: Perspectives from the Literature
Article first published online: 27 AUG 2010
1992 Occupational Therapy Australia Limited
Australian Occupational Therapy Journal
Volume 39, Issue 3, pages 7–15, September 1992
How to Cite
Bonney, M.-A. (1992), Understanding and Assessing Handwriting Difficulty: Perspectives from the Literature. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 39: 7–15. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1630.1992.tb01751.x
- Issue published online: 27 AUG 2010
- Article first published online: 27 AUG 2010
- Accepted for publication in March 1992
- learning disorder;
- assessment process;
- occupational therapy;
When a handwriting problem significantly affects student academic performance, intervention is warranted, and referral to an occupational therapist may be recommended. Occupational therapists generally adopt a diagnostic approach to assessment of handwriting difficulty. Prior to designing and implementing a remediation programme, the therapist assesses whether inadequate handwriting results from motor in coordination, biomechanical restrictions to movement, inefficient perceptual processing, anxiety arising from previous failure, or a combination of these factors. Critical to the validity of the diagnostic approach is a relationship between the variables assessed and handwriting performance. This paper presents a review of the literature concerned with handwriting performance, dysfunction and assessment, and provides background information to evaluate current occupational therapy assessment practice.