Effect of fructose 2, 6-bisphosphate on 6-phosphofructokinase (ATP: D-fructose-6-phosphate 1-phosphotransferase, EC 22.214.171.124) in spermatid extract from rat testes was studied. Fructose 2, 6-bisphosphate stimulated the enzyme greatly by increasing its affinity for fructose 6-phosphate and relieving the inhibition by ATP. Fructose 2, 6-bisphosphate (0.8 μM) was required for 50% activation of 6-phosphofructokinase (PFK). In addition, fructose 2, 6-bisphosphate, AMP and fructose 6-phosphate acted cooperatively to stimulate the activity of PFK. This stimulation may play an important role in the regulation of glycolysis in spermatids of rat testes.