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Keywords:

  • DNA binding;
  • GATA-6;
  • protein degradation;
  • translation;
  • zinc finger

Mammalian GATA-6, which has conserved tandem zinc fingers (CVNC-X17-CNAC)-X29-(CXNC-X17-CNAC), is essential for the development and specific gene regulation of the heart, gastrointestinal tract and other tissues. GATA-6 recognizes the (A/T/C)GAT(A/T)(A) sequence, and interacts with other transcriptional regulators through its zinc-finger region. The mRNA of GATA-6 uses two Met codons in frame as translational initiation codons, and produces L- and S-type GATA-6 through leaky ribosome scanning. GATA-6 is subjected to cAMP-dependent proteolysis by a proteasome in a heterologous expression system. These protein-based characteristics of GATA-6 will be helpful for the identification of target genes, together with determination of the in vivo binding sites for GATA-6 and understanding of the complex network of gene regulation mediated by GATA-6.