Further extension of mammalian GATA-6


*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed. Email: mmaeda@phs.osaka-u.ac.jp


Mammalian GATA-6, which has conserved tandem zinc fingers (CVNC-X17-CNAC)-X29-(CXNC-X17-CNAC), is essential for the development and specific gene regulation of the heart, gastrointestinal tract and other tissues. GATA-6 recognizes the (A/T/C)GAT(A/T)(A) sequence, and interacts with other transcriptional regulators through its zinc-finger region. The mRNA of GATA-6 uses two Met codons in frame as translational initiation codons, and produces L- and S-type GATA-6 through leaky ribosome scanning. GATA-6 is subjected to cAMP-dependent proteolysis by a proteasome in a heterologous expression system. These protein-based characteristics of GATA-6 will be helpful for the identification of target genes, together with determination of the in vivo binding sites for GATA-6 and understanding of the complex network of gene regulation mediated by GATA-6.