Unifying principles of regeneration I: Epimorphosis versus morphallaxis


*Author to whom all correspondence should be addressed.
Email: agata@mdb.biophys.kyoto-u.ac.jp


Because research on regeneration has a long history, some classic definitions and concepts about regeneration which were established in earlier times have been retained without reconsideration for a long time, even though many relevant new findings have accumulated. To clarify the points on which research should be focused on for elucidating the mechanisms of regeneration, we should reconsider such classical definitions and principles of regeneration at the cellular and molecular level. Here, we consider two differing principles of regeneration which have been classically defined as ‘epimorphosis’ and ‘morphallaxis’, and propose the abandonment of these classical categories and their replacement by a new unifying principle in order to facilitate regeneration studies.