We studied the abundance and species richness of adult dragonflies in 11 artificial ponds which were recently established (within 2 years). We found that the adult dragonfly assemblage patterns were influenced by pond size as well as pond age. The species richness was positively correlated with the pond size, which was because the distributional patterns of species were significantly nested according to pond area. The species richness was highly correlated with pond age in association with the vegetation cover within ponds. It was suggested that the species richness was enhanced by the increasing immigration rate of species which favor well-vegetated ponds.