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Multidimensional structures of comprehensive accessibility of community support for people with mental disorders in Japan: A nationwide investigation

Authors

  • Takae Morita PHN PhD,

    1. Professor, Faculty of Health Sciences, Yamaguchi University School of Medicine, Ube, Yamaguchi, Japan
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  • Hideo Yamazaki PhD

    Corresponding author
    1. Professor, Faculty of Health Sciences, Yamaguchi University School of Medicine, Ube, Yamaguchi, Japan
      Hideo Yamazaki, Faculty of Health Sciences, Yamaguchi University School of Medicine, 1-1-1 Minami-Kogushi, Ube, Yamaguchi 755-8505, Japan. Email: yhideo@yamaguchi-u.ac.jp
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Hideo Yamazaki, Faculty of Health Sciences, Yamaguchi University School of Medicine, 1-1-1 Minami-Kogushi, Ube, Yamaguchi 755-8505, Japan. Email: yhideo@yamaguchi-u.ac.jp

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to define the concept of comprehensive accessibility of community support for people with mental disorders and to clarify the multidimensional structures of comprehensive accessibility. We developed a self-administered questionnaire consisting of 47 items. A complete list of the municipalities in Japan was prepared, and the questionnaire was mailed to 3310 municipalities. Principal component analyses were applied to valid data in order to analyse the index and multidimensional structures of comprehensive accessibility. As a result, 14 principal components of community support for people with mental disorders were extracted. These principal components were interpreted as the scales for the evaluation of comprehensive accessibility. The two first principal component scores were interpreted as the index indicating the level of comprehensive accessibility. The other 12 principal components were interpreted as the scales constituting the multidimensional space of comprehensive accessibility.

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