• school adolescent;
  • school climate;
  • sense of coherence

Associations between sense of coherence (SOC) and school-related resources (supportive school environment, adequate learning conditions) and stress (pressure of schoolwork, bored of school) were explored in a representative sample of 4116 Norwegian school adolescents, aged 11, 13 and 15 years. The students participated in the World Health Organization Cross-National Survey ‘Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children 1997/98 (HBSC)’. Multiple linear regression analyses were applied. In unadjusted analyses, all resources and stress factors were significantly related to SOC. In analyses adjusted for all these factors, support from teacher was the only variable that did not remain significant. The strongest and most adverse association with SOC was seen in the relation with feeling pressured by schoolwork among both genders. The next strongest associations were found with support from peers and adequate expectations. In general, the associations with SOC were stronger among girls than boys, but a similar tendency was found for both genders. Implications for school health promotion are discussed.