• critical care;
  • infection control surveillance;
  • paediatric patient;
  • urinary catheterization;
  • urinary tract infection

Urinary tract infection is one of the common bacterial infections in children and can lead to substantial morbidity. If the infection results in renal scarring, various long-term risks include hypertension and renal insufficiency. Nosocomial urinary tract infections (NUTI) in children occur with varying frequency with approximately 60–80% of these infections being strongly correlated with urethral instrumentation. This paper presents stage one of a Rapid Quality Control Initiative to reduce the incidence of NUTI in the paediatric patient at King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre.