• clinical learning;
  • clinical practice;
  • grounded theory;
  • Iran;
  • nursing education

Amalgamation of nursing education into universities has raised many questions about the nursing students' clinical preparation. Despite increased academic input into nursing education in Iran in recent years, the public and the government have criticized Iranian nurses regarding the poor quality of patient care. Using grounded theory methodology, in-depth individual interviews were conducted with a theoretical sample of nine participants to better understand the perceptions of factors influencing the clinical preparation of BS nursing student interns. Three main clinical themes emerged from this study: (i) educator incompetency; (ii) nursing staff technical ability; and (iii) a non-conducive learning environment.