Professional nurses' opinion on research and research utilization for promoting quality nursing care in selected teaching hospitals in Nigeria


  • *

    The paper was presented at the 5th conference of the African Honour Society of Nursing, ERATA hotel, Accra, Ghana, 8th–11th august, 2005

Dele Edet, Department of Nursing Science, College of Medical Sciences, University of Calabar, Cross-River State, Nigeria. Email:


The study investigated nurses' knowledge base for research conduct, attitudes towards research and perceived barriers to research utilization. Data for this descriptive survey were collected through a 41-item-structured questionnaire. The sample consisted of 500 nurses purposively selected from three tertiary hospitals in the Southern part of Nigeria. Results show that 73.4% of the respondents received instruction on research methodology, 48.6% attended research workshop previously, 68.0% have conducted research, and 27.6% have collaborated with others. Educational level has a significant effect on knowledge base (P < 0.05). Significant difference (P < 0.05) was found between the hospitals with respect to conducting research and collaboration. Fifty per cent of the respondents held positive attitudes towards research conduct and utilization, and 40.8% reported utilizing findings frequently. Inability to understand research reports and statistics were identified as barriers. Nursing services managers and educators should promote better research education focusing on practitioners' knowledge/experience and attitudes towards research.