Sociodemographic predictors and reasons for participation in an outpatient cardiac rehabilitation programme following percutaneous coronary intervention

Authors

  • Ritin S Fernandez RN MN (Critical Care) PhD Candidate,

    Corresponding author
    1. Nurse Manager, South Western Sydney, Centre for Applied Nursing Research, NSW, New South Wales Centre for Evidence Based Health Care (a collaborating centre of the Joanna Briggs Institute), University of Western Sydney Australia, Sydney, Australia
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  • Yenna Salamonson PhD RN,

    1. Dr, University of Western Sydney Australia, Sydney, Australia
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  • Rhonda Griffiths DrPH BEd MSc(Hons) RN RM,

    1. Professor, South Western Sydney, Centre for Applied Nursing Research, NSW, New South Wales Centre for Evidence Based Health Care (a collaborating centre of the Joanna Briggs Institute), University of Western Sydney Australia, Sydney, Australia
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  • Craig Juergens FACC FRACP MBBS,

    1. Associate Professor, Liverpool Health Service, Sydney, Australia
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  • Patricia Davidson PhD RN

    1. Professor, Centre for Cardiovascular and Chronic Care, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Curtin University of Technology, Sydney, Australia
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Ms Ritin Fernandez, Nurse Manager c/– Centre for Applied Nursing Research, Locked Bag 7103, Liverpool BC, NSW 1871, Australia. Email: ritin.fernandez@swsahs.nsw.gov.au

Abstract

Evidence-based guidelines recommend participation in cardiac rehabilitation (CR) to reduce subsequent cardiovascular events following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The objective of this study was to investigate the reasons for and the demographic characteristics of patients who participate in CR programmes following PCI in a single metropolitan setting in Australia. Logistic regression models were used to examine the data obtained using self-reports through mailed questionnaires from 202 patients 12–24 months following the index PCI. Thirty-five per cent of subjects reported to have participated in CR programmes, of whom less than a quarter were female. In this sample the main reason for programme participation was a recommendation given by the general practitioner (GP). The likelihood of participating in a CR programme decreased with age and absence of a partner. Additional research on determinants of participation in CR programmes among this cohort of patients could assist in the development of new strategies to encourage healthy behaviours and reduce the risk of further cardiac events.

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