The HIV/AIDS epidemic in Indonesia: Does primary health care as a prevention and intervention strategy work?

Authors

  • Kusman Ibrahim RN MNS PhD (Cand),

    Corresponding author
    1. PhD Candidate, Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailand, and Lecturer, Faculty of Nursing, Padjadjaran University, Bandung, Indonesia
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  • Praneed Songwathana RN PhD,

    1. Associate Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailand
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  • Umaporn Boonyasopun RN PhD,

    1. Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Thailand
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  • Karen Francis RN PhD Med MHlthScPHC GradCertUniTeachLearn BHlthScNsg DHlthSCNsg

    1. Professor of Rural Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Churchill, Victoria, Australia
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Kusman Ibrahim, Faculty of Nursing, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jl. Raya Bandung Sumedang Km 21, Jatinangor, Sumedang 45362, West Java, Indonesia. Email: k.ibrahim@unpad.ac.id

Abstract

Ibrahim K, Songwathana P, Boonyasopun U, Francis K. International Journal of Nursing Practice 2010; 16: 87–91
The HIV/AIDS epidemic in Indonesia: Does primary health care as a prevention and intervention strategy work?

The continuing increase in the number of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Indonesia is impacting on society. Various policies and strategies have been adopted and implemented to tackle this epidemic including primary health-care (PHC) initiatives. This paper describes the current HIV/AIDS epidemic in Indonesia and highlights a range of prevention and intervention initiatives introduced to limit the spread and impact of this disease factors, such as the characteristics of high-risk groups, the decentralization policy in the health sector, and the lack of skilled human resources and supplies in health centres have been identified as influencing access to health-care services among high-risk groups. Revitalization of a PHC approach coupled with adequate fiscal, infrastructure and human resources if addressed will increase of PLWHA and other risk groups to health care.

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