Prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers in a university hospital centre: A correlational study examining nurses' knowledge and best practice

Authors

  • Gallant Claudia RN MSc,

    Corresponding author
    1. Clinical Nurse Specialist, Centre hospitalier universitaire de Québec, Quebec, Canada
      Gallant Claudia, Centre hospitalier universitaire de Québec, 11, côte du Palais, Québec (Québec) G1R 2J6, Canada. Email: claudia.gallant@chuq.qc.ca
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  • Morin Diane RN PhD,

    1. Dean and Full Professor, Faculty of Nursing Sciences, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada
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  • St-Germain Daphney RN PhD,

    1. Assistant Professor, Faculty of Nursing Sciences, Université Laval, Quebec, Canada
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  • Dallaire Danièle RN MSc

    1. Clinical Professor, Faculty of Nursing Sciences, Universite Laval, Quebec Canada and Clinical Nurse Specialist, Centre hospitalier universitaire de Quebec, Quebec, Canada
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  • Authors' contribution: GC: concept and design of the study; data collection; analysis and interpretation of data; drafting the paper; finalizing the submitted version. MD: contribution to the concept and design of the study; contribution to the interpretation of data; contribution to the drafting the paper; contribution in finalizing the submitted version. SGD: contribution to the concept and design of the study; contribution in critically reviewing the finalized draft of the submitted version. DD: contribution in critically reviewing the finalized draft of the submitted version.

Gallant Claudia, Centre hospitalier universitaire de Québec, 11, côte du Palais, Québec (Québec) G1R 2J6, Canada. Email: claudia.gallant@chuq.qc.ca

Abstract

Claudia G, Diane M, Daphney SG, Danièle D. International Journal of Nursing Practice 2010; 16: 183–187
Prevention and treatment of pressure ulcers in a university hospital centre: A correlational study examining nurses' knowledge and best practice

This descriptive correlational study had the goal of exploring if relationships existed between the level of knowledge of nurses concerning pressure ulcers, certain nurses' characteristics and the preventive care they applied. A multi-method approach was taken using a questionnaire to measure the level of knowledge of nurses (n = 256) and chart audits (n = 235) to identify the preventive care applied. The results show that the level of knowledge of the nurses is insufficient. They also show a correlation between a higher level of knowledge and (i) the sector of activities in which the nurses are working, (ii) the training periods provided by the university hospital centre, and a (iii) good perception by the nurses of their level of knowledge. However, training on its own cannot guarantee the provision of quality health care, as there is a wide discrepancy between what nurses know and what they put into practice.

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