Adverse events in Jordanian hospitals: Types and causes


Raeda AbuAlRub, College of Nursing, Jordan University of Science and Technology, PO Box 1894, Irbid, Jordan. Email:


Hayajneh YA, AbuAlRub RF, Almakhzoomy IK. International Journal of Nursing Practice 2010; 16: 374–380
Adverse events in Jordanian hospitals: Types and causes

Adverse events in health care have become an important issue for health-care professionals, administrators, health policy-makers, public and patients. Literature on adverse events in Jordan is scarce. The purpose of the study was (i) to identify the common types and major causes of adverse events in Jordanian hospitals from the nurses' perspective; and (ii) to estimate the frequency of adverse events in Jordanian hospitals. Qualitative and quantitative data regarding the perceived types, causes and incidence of adverse events were collected using a web-based questionnaire. A total of 75 valid responses with qualitative and quantitative data were obtained. The results indicated (i) that medication errors, wrong diagnosis, hospital acquired infections, bed sores and falls were the most common types of adverse events; and (ii) that workload and inadequate staffing, technical performance, negligence and poor ethics, poor management, psychosocial job demands and written guidelines were the most common causes of adverse events. On average, participants in the study believed that adverse events occurred in about 28% of all hospital admissions. Nurse and hospital administrators and health policy-makers should develop and institute effective strategies and polices to prevent or minimize the occurrence of adverse events.