• long-term care facility;
  • residents' characteristics;
  • restraint use

Ben Natan M, Akrish O, Zaltkina B, Noy RH. International Journal of Nursing Practice 2010; 16: 499–507 Physically restraining elder residents of long-term care facilities from a nurses' perspective

The purpose of the current study was to identify and analyse major variables affecting intended decisions of nursing staff to physically restrain elder residents of long-term care facilities. The study explored whether a research model constructed of staff characteristics and resident characteristics would prove useful for predicting behavioural intentions. A total of 120 reliable and validated questionnaires, based on the research model, were administered to nurses working in a large long-term care facility for older adults in central Israel; 104 questionnaires were returned for a response rate of 86%. The research findings indicate that most of the nurses who responded (67.2%) reported that they had physically restrained elder residents more than 10 times over the past year; however, the nurses had a low intention of restraining residents during the coming year. The research results indicate that the intended decision of nursing staff to restrain elderly residents is a derivative of their behavioural beliefs and attitudes, normative beliefs and subjective norms, as well as of residents' dementia, physical state and stress.