McIntosh S, Adams J. International Journal of Nursing Practice 2011; 17: 85–92
Anxiety and quality of recovery in day surgery: A questionnaire study using HADS and QoR40
The aims of this study were (i) to examine the association between preoperative and postoperative anxiety, and (ii) to examine the association between preoperative anxiety and postoperative recovery, following day surgery under general anaesthesia. Day surgery has become more commonplace owing to advances in pharmacology, anaesthetic and surgical techniques, as it has recognized benefits, such as lower costs and reduced incidence of infection. Recent years have seen increased complexity of day surgery undertaken on a broader range of patients, but with reduced pre-surgery contact with the hospital environment. These recent service changes might have had an effect on the preparation of patients for day surgery, and this in turn might have affected their postoperative recovery. This pilot study used survey methods to examine potential associations between preoperative and postoperative anxiety, and between preoperative anxiety and postoperative recovery. Data were collected in 2008 from a convenience sample of 54 day surgery patients. The instruments used were the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Quality of Recovery Score (QoR-40). There was a statistically significant relationship between preoperative and postoperative anxiety (χ2 = 11.899, d.f. = 1, P = 0.001). The T-test showed a statistically significant difference in the mean scores for QoR-40 score for gender, and for the postoperative anxiety and QoR-40. A relationship between preoperative anxiety and postoperative recovery was not shown. Although challenging to implement in view of restricted timescales, appraisal and revision of pre-assessment processes to incorporate an anxiety measurement tool, such as the HADS, should be considered.