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Self-mutilation among Finnish adolescents: Nurses' conceptions

Authors

  • Marja-Liisa Rissanen PhD RN,

    Corresponding author
    1. Researcher, Department of Psychiatry, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland
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  • Jari Kylmä PhD RN,

    1. Senior Lecturer, Department of Nursing Science, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland; and Adjunct Professor, Department of Health Sciences, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
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  • Eila Laukkanen PhD MD

    1. Professor and Senior Physician, Department of Adolescent Psychiatry, Kuopio University Hospital, Kuopio, Finland; and Professor, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Eastern Finland, Kuopio, Finland
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Marja-Liisa Rissanen, Department of Psychiatry, Kuopio University Hospital, P.O. Box 1777, FIN-70211 Kuopio, Finland. Email: marja-liisa.rissanen@kuh.fi

Abstract

Rissanen M-L, Kylmä J, Laukkanen E. International Journal of Nursing Practice 2011; 17: 158–165

Self-mutilation among Finnish adolescents: Nurses' conceptions

The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore nurses' views on self-mutilation among adolescents as a phenomenon. The data were collected using focus group interviews, personal interviews and written descriptions from 10 nurses. A qualitative content analysis was applied. Four main themes from nurses' descriptions of self-mutilation emerged: (i) a definition of self-mutilation; (ii) characteristics of self-mutilation; (iii) factors contributing to self-mutilation; and (iv) purposes of self-mutilation. Nurses' conceptions of self-mutilation differ from previously described views of parents and adolescents. Further research is needed focusing on nurses' experiences of caring for adolescents who self-mutilate.

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