Chang S-H, Chen C-Y, Shen S-H, Chiou J-H. International Journal of Nursing Practice 2011; 17: 213–220
The effectiveness of an exercise programme for elders with dementia in a Taiwanese day-care centre
The purpose was to examine the effectiveness of an exercise programme for elders with dementia in Taiwan aimed to maintain their activities of daily living such as feeding, dressing, grooming, washing and toileting. This was a single study group, repeated measure research design. Twenty-six dementia elders were recruited from a day-care centre located in southern Taiwan. Caregivers of the day-care centre provided all subjects an exercise programme. The exercise programme consisted of stretching and walking five times per week, and leg-weight bearing at least three times per week for 20–30 min each. The data were obtained three times (baseline, 2 months post intervention and 4 months post intervention). Results showed slight changes in the scores of one-leg-standing, 30 s chair rise, functional reach and get up and go test but were not statistically significant. Results also indicated that scores in the performance of activities of daily living were significantly higher than at baseline and at 4 months post intervention. In conclusion, this study provides information for dementia day-care centres in Taiwan about how elders with dementia can maintain physical fitness and perform activities of daily living.