Identification of perceived barriers of pain management in Iranian children: A qualitative study

Authors


Mahboobeh Namnabati, Pediatric Instructor, Department of Pediatrics and Neonatal Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Hezar-Jerib Boulevard, Isfahan 81746-73461, Iran. Email: namnabat@nm.mui.ac.ir

Abstract

Namnabati M, Abazari P, Talakoub S. International Journal of Nursing Practice 2012; 18: 221–225

Identification of perceived barriers of pain management in Iranian children: A qualitative study

Hospitalized children are often inadequately treated for their pain. Paediatric nurses experience these inadequacies more than other health-care team members. This research was an attempt in the form of a phenomenological study to reveal some major barriers in children pain management as the nurses had perceived. Sixteen nurses were interviewed in the medical, surgical and infectious paediatric wards of a hospital in Iran. Data analysis were based on Colaizzi method that surfaced three main themes in different areas namely: organizational barriers, limitations relating to child's characteristics and barriers relating to the nature of disease and its treatments. The study results have shown organizational limitations added to the lack of authority for administering some medical intervention, inadequate equipment and utilities and unavailability of opioids as the main pain controlling and restricting factors. Additional factors that relate to the child specifications like age, temperament, behaviour, expression and gender affect the assessment and treatment of pain. The results revealed identified barriers in real context. It seems that some guidelines are needed to achieve optimal pain management.

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