Depression and caregiver burden experienced by caregivers of Jordanian patients with stroke

Authors

  • Andaleeb Abu Kamel PhD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Head of Nursing Department, Faculty of Nursing, Al-Zaytoonah University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
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  • A Elaine Bond DNSc,

    1. Latter-Day Saints Charities Humanitarian Services, Brigham Young University Emeritus, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
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  • Erika Sivarajan Froelicher PhD

    1. Department of Physiological Nursing, School of Nursing and Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA; Fulbright Fellow and Visiting Professor, Faculty of Nursing, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
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Andaleeb Abu Kamel, Faculty of Nursing, Al-Zaytoonah University of Jordan, PO Box 130 Amman 11733, Jordan. Email: andaleeb@alzaytoonah.edu.jo; andaleebabk@ymail.com

Abstract

Kamel AA, Bond AE, Sivarajan Froelicher E. International Journal of Nursing Practice 2012; 18: 147–154

Depression and caregiver burden experienced by caregivers of Jordanian patients with stroke

Many stroke survivors will be cared for at home, primarily by their relatives. Providing care to a family member with a chronic disabling disease can be both emotionally and physically distressing for the caregivers. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between patients' characteristics, duration of caregiving, daily caregiving time, caregiver's characteristics, caregiver depression and burden in caregivers of patients with stroke. A cross-sectional design was used with a convenience sample of 116 subjects. The Center of Epidemiologic Studies of Depression and the Caregiver Strain Index were used to identify caregiver depression and burden, respectively. Logistic regression analysis identified the influence of independent variables on caregiver depression and caregiver burden. Caregivers had high scores for depression and burden indices. Caregivers' health, receiving professional home health care and caregivers' burden were related to caregiver depression. Functional disabilities of patients with stroke and depression of caregivers were related to caregiver burden. To decrease caregiver depression and burden, nurses must provide caregivers with instructions for home management of patients with stroke. Development of specialized stroke home health services in Jordan that targets patients with stroke and their caregivers are recommended.

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