The effect of individual training and counselling programme for patients with myocardial infarction over patients’ quality of life

Authors

  • Hilal Uysal PhD,

    Research Assistant, Corresponding author
    • Florence Nightingale Nursing Faculty, Medical Nursing Department, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey
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  • Şeyda Özcan PhD

    Assistant Professor
    1. Florence Nightingale Nursing Faculty, Medical Nursing Department, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey
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Correspondence: Hilal Uysal, Florence Nightingale Nursing Faculty, Medical Nursing Department, Istanbul University, Abide-i Hurriyet cad. No:82, Sisli, Istanbul 34381, Turkey. Email: hilaluysal@gmail.com

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to identify the effect of individual training and counselling programme for patients having experienced myocardial infarction over patients’ quality of life. The sample was composed of 90 patients, 45 in the intervention and 45 in the control group, selected by sequential sampling from patients who had myocardial infarction for the first time. Data were collected between April and November 2008 by means of patient information form, Myocardial Infarction Dimensional Assessment Scale MIDAS, and Short Form SF-36. In the intervention group, more improvement was observed in comparison with the control group in terms of quitting smoking, physical activity, body mass index, waist circumference (mean differences P = 0.000). A significant difference was observed in the third month of evaluation of both MIDAS and SF-36 quality of life scales in comparison with the baseline values (P ≤ 0.000). The results indicated that individual training and counselling provided to patients having experienced acute myocardial infarction lead to improvement in quality of life and decrease risk factors by increasing behaviours that protect cardiac health. Such educational programmes should be applied to patients with acute myocardial infarction prior to discharge.

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