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Keywords:

  • Gastric epithelial neoplasia;
  • Endoscopic forceps biopsy;
  • Endoscopic resection;
  • Diagnosis;
  • pathologic

Abstract

Background and Aim: Endoscopic forceps biopsy (EFB) as the primary histological diagnosis of gastric epithelial neoplasia (GEN) is debated in the era of endoscopic resection (ER). Our aim was to investigate the diagnostic reliability of EFB in patients with GEN compared to ER specimens as the reference standard for the final diagnosis in a large consecutive series.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional retrospective study at a tertiary-referral center. A total of 354 consecutive patients with 397 GENs underwent ER (endoscopic mucosal resection or endoscopic submucosal dissection). Discrepancy rates between the histological results from EFB and ER specimens were assessed. Discrepancies that could affect patient outcome or clinical care were considered major.

Results: The overall histological discrepancy rate between EFB and ER specimens was 44.5% (95% CI, 39.7%-49.5%) among the enrolled patients. The overall discrepancy rate was significantly higher in the intraepithelial neoplasia (IEN) group than in the carcinoma group (49.8% vs 25.6%, P < .001). The major discrepancy rate was also significantly higher in the IEN group than in the carcinoma group (36.6% vs 7.0%, P < .001). In subgroup analysis of the IEN group, a major histological discrepancy rate of 33.6% (70/208) for low-grade and 42.7% (44/103) for high-grade IEN was found, respectively.

Conclusions: EFB was insufficient for a definitive diagnosis and therapeutic planning in patients with GEN. ER should be considered as not only definitive treatment but also a procedure for a precise histological diagnosis for lesions initially assessed as GEN by forceps biopsy specimens.