Role of hepatic stellate cells on graft injury after small-for-size liver transplantation
Article first published online: 20 OCT 2011
© 2011 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume 26, Issue 11, pages 1659–1668, November 2011
How to Cite
Chen, W., Liang, L., Ma, T., Li, J., Xu, G., Zhang, Y., Bai, X. and Liang, T. (2011), Role of hepatic stellate cells on graft injury after small-for-size liver transplantation. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 26: 1659–1668. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1746.2011.06781.x
- Issue published online: 20 OCT 2011
- Article first published online: 20 OCT 2011
- Accepted manuscript online: 18 MAY 2011 07:03AM EST
- Accepted for publication 2 May 2011.
- α-smooth muscle actin;
- hepatic stellate cell;
- small-for-size liver transplantation
Background and Aim: Small-for-size grafts are prone to mechanical injury and a series of chemical injuries that are related to hemodynamic force. Hepatic stellate cells activate and trans-differentiate into contractile myofibroblast-like cells during liver injury. However, the role of hepatic stellate cells on sinusoidal microcirculation is unknown with small-for-size grafts.
Methods: Thirty-five percent of small-for-size liver transplantation was performed with rats as donors and recipients. Endothelin-1 levels as well as hepatic stellate cells activation-related protein expression, endothelin-1 receptors, and ultrastructural changes were examined. The cellular localizations of two types of endothelin-1 receptors were detected. Furthermore, liver function and sinusoidal microcirculation were analyzed using two different selective antagonists of endothelin-1 receptor.
Results: Intragraft expression of hepatic stellate cells activation-related protein such as desmin, crystallin-B and smooth muscle α-actin was upregulated as well as serum endothelin-1 levels and intragraft expression of the two endothelin receptors. The antagonist to endothelin-1 A receptor not to the endothelin-1 B receptor could attenuate microcirculatory disturbance and improve liver function.
Conclusions: Small-for-size liver transplantation displayed increased hepatic stellate cells activation and high level of endothelin-1 binding to upregulation of endothelin-1 A receptor on hepatic stellate cells, which contracted hepatic sinusoid inducing graft injury manifested as reduction of sinusoidal perfusion rate and elevation of sinusoidal blood flow.