Management of HCV Infection and Normal Transaminases Spanish Study Group: Dr José Luis Calleja; Dra Belén Ruiz-Antorán; Dr J de la Revilla; Dr Javier García Samaniego; Dra Miriam Romero; Dra Angelica Moreno; Dra María Trapero; Dr Ramón Planas; Dra Rosa Ma Morillas; Dr José Carlos Erdozaín; Ma Dolores Espinosa; Dra Flor Nogueras; Dra Dolores Suárez; Dr Ricard Solá; Dra Lourdes Grande; Dr M. Romero-Gómez; Dr Fernando Baños; Dr Marco Antonio Álvarez; Dr José Antonio Pons; Dra Angeles Castro; Dr Javier Salmerón Escobar; Dr Luis Rodriguez; Dr Miguel Jiménez Pérez; Dra Mercedes Vergara Gómez; Dra Mireia Miguel Planas; Dra Emilia García; Dra María Moreno; Dr Francisco Jorquera; Dra Rosa Durández; Dr Senador Morán; Dra Pilar Castillo; Dr Pere Vaquer; Dra Lucía Bonet; Dra María Jesús Suárez; Dra Milagros Testillanc; Dr José Ma Navarro; Dr P. Moreno Mejías; Dr José Aguilar; Dr Santiago Tomé; Dr Esteban Otero; Dr Agustín Domínguez; Dr Jaime Enríquez; Dr Adolfo Gallego Moya; Dr Jordi Ortiz; Dr Jaume Boadas; Dra Mercè Roget; Dra Mercé Barenys De Lacha; Dr Oscar Núñez; Dr Javier Rodríguez Gil; Dr Vicente Torrente González; Dr Manuel Miras; Dra Sonia Blanco Sampascual; Dr José Manuel González; Dr Fermín Santalla Reciña; Dr Raúl Andrade; Dr Ramón Barniol; Dr Miguel Torres; Dr Juan Carlos Quer; Dra Silvia Montoliu; Dr Benjamín Polo y Dr Manuel García Bengoechea.
Peginterferon alpha-2a and ribavirin in patients with hepatitis C virus genotype 1 infection with persistently normal alanine aminotransferase levels
Article first published online: 29 OCT 2012
© 2012 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume 27, Issue 11, pages 1705–1710, November 2012
How to Cite
Calleja, J.-L., García-Samaniego, J., Ruiz-Antorán, B., Trapero, M., Morillas, R., de la Revilla, J., Erdozaín, J. C., Espinosa, M.-D., Suárez, D., Solá, R., Romero-Gómez, M., Baños, F., Álvarez, M.-A. and for the Management of HCV Infection and Normal Transaminases Spanish Study Group (2012), Peginterferon alpha-2a and ribavirin in patients with hepatitis C virus genotype 1 infection with persistently normal alanine aminotransferase levels. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 27: 1705–1710. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1746.2012.07214.x
Authors' declaration of personal interests: Dr Calleja has received fees for serving as an advisory board member for Roche, Gilead, MSD and Janssen. Dr García-Samaniengo has received fees for serving as a speaker and/or consultant for Roche, Gilead, MSD, BMS and Boehringer. Dr Solá has received fees for serving as an advisory board member for Roche, Gilead, MSD and BMS. Dr Romero has received fees for serving as a consultant and an advisory board member for Roche, Janssen, MSD, BMS and Boehringer. Dr Ruiz-Antorán, Dr, Trapero, Dr Morillas, Dr de la Revilla, Dr Erdozaín, Dr Espinosa, Dr Suarez, Dr Baños and Dr Alvarez have declared not having any conflict of interest within the last 3 years which may arise from being named as an author on this manuscript.
- Issue published online: 29 OCT 2012
- Article first published online: 29 OCT 2012
- Accepted manuscript online: 28 JUN 2012 07:54AM EST
- Accepted for publication 11 June 2012.
- Hepatitis C;
- persistently normal alanine aminotransferase;
- sustained virological response
Background and Aim: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of peginterferon α-2a plus ribavirin at standard doses in patients with hepatitis C virus (HVC) genotype 1 infection with persistently normal alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels.
Methods: Patients aged 18 to 65 years were included in this observational, prospective study if they had evidence of a HCV genotype 1 infection. The serum HCV RNA concentration was determined at baseline and week 12. A qualitative HCV RNA test was performed at baseline and at weeks 48 and 72. Liver function tests were performed at each study visit. The primary efficacy measure was the sustained virological response in the intention-to-treat population. Logistic regression analyses were also performed to explore predictors of virological response.
Results: A sustained virological response was observed in 100 of the 175 patients (57%). An early virological response and end-of-treatment response were seen in 159 patients (91%) and 133 patients (76%), respectively. Thirty-seven of the 122 evaluable patients for this outcome (30%) showed a rapid virological response. A higher viral load was a significant predictor for a lack of rapid virological response and lack of sustained virological response. There were not any unexpected safety or tolerability findings.
Conclusions: Our study suggests that the efficacy of the combination of peginterferon α-2a and ribavirin in patients with HCV genotype 1 infection and normal ALT levels is at least similar to that reported in patients with elevated ALT levels.