Early angiographic embolization is more effective than delayed angiographic embolization in patients with duodenal ulcer bleeding



Professor Soo Teik Lee, Department of Internal Medicine, Research Institute for Medical Science, Chonbuk National University College of Medicine, 634-18 Geumam-dong, Dukjin-ku, Jeonju, Jeonbuk 561-712, Korea. Email: soo@jbnu.ac.kr


Background and Aim

Though angiographic embolization (AE) is a type of effective treatment modality for duodenal ulcer bleeding, the optimum time at which to perform the procedure, early or delayed, is unknown. The authors compared the prognosis of early AE (EAE) and delayed AE (DAE) in patients with duodenal ulcer bleeding.


A total of 54 patients with duodenal ulcer bleeding were evaluated with first-look endoscopy followed by AE. The patients were divided into two groups, the EAE group and DAE group, according to endoscopic attempts to stop the bleeding during the first-look endoscopy.


The success rate of AE, rebleeding rate, and number of patients who underwent surgery was not significantly different between the EAE group and DAE group (91.3% vs 93.5%, 21.7% vs 29.0% and 4.3% vs 16.1%, respectively; P > 0.05). With respect to death and intensive care unit (ICU) care rate, multivariate analysis showed more favorable results in the EAE group (0% vs 22.6%, P = 0.016 and 4.3% vs 57.4%, P = 0.003, respectively). Multivariate analysis also showed that prolonged prothrombin time (PT) > 1.2 international normalized ratio and the endoscopic attempt were independent factors associated with ICU care.


When the AE was performed early with correction for prolonged PT, the patients with duodenal ulcer bleeding had a more favorable prognosis.