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Motor Performance Checklist for 5-year-olds: A tool for identifying children at risk of developmental co-ordination disorder

Authors


Ms Kerry Gwynne, Senior Paediatric Occupational Therapist, Northern Beaches Child and Family Health Service, PO Box 605, Brookvale, NSW 2100, Australia. Fax: +61 2 9951 0325; email: kgwynne@doh.health.nsw.gov.au

Abstract

Objective:  The aim of this study was to further evaluate the ‘Motor Performance Checklist for 5-year-olds’, an instrument which had been piloted with some success and reported via this journal in 1996.

Method:  Both validity and reliability in identifying children in most need of paediatric occupational therapy services was assessed. The Motor Performance Checklist was compared against a chosen ‘gold standard’ test, The Bruininks-Oseretsky test of Motor Proficiency, in a group of 141 5-year-old children.

Results:  Correlations of 0.72 and 0.85 were found between the tests. The checklist was found to have a sensitivity of 83% and a specificity of 98%. Positive predictive validity was found to be 72% and negative predictive validity 99%. Interrater reliability ranged between 0.79 and 0.99 and intrarater reliability was 0.77.

Conclusions:  These results indicate that the Motor Performance Checklist has the potential to assist in identifying children in most need of referral to community occupational therapy services.

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