Indigenous child oral health at a regional and state level
Article first published online: 16 FEB 2007
Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Volume 43, Issue 3, pages 117–121, March 2007
How to Cite
Jamieson, L. M., Parker, E. J. and Armfield, J. M. (2007), Indigenous child oral health at a regional and state level. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 43: 117–121. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2007.01029.x
- Issue published online: 16 FEB 2007
- Article first published online: 16 FEB 2007
- Accepted for publication 5 October 2006.
- caries prevalence;
- caries severity;
Aim: To compare the dental disease experience of Indigenous and non-Indigenous children in South Australia’s mid-north region (regional area) and to assess Indigenous oral health differences at a regional- and state-level.
Methods: Data were collected from a School Dental Service based in an Aboriginal-owned medical health service and standard school dental clinics in the regional area from March 2001 to March 2006. State-level data were obtained over a 12-month period in 2003. Caries prevalence (per cent dmft or DMFT >0) and severity (mean dmft or DMFT, SiC and SiC10) measures were used to assess dental disease experience.
Results: In the regional area, Indigenous children aged <10 years had 1.6, 1.9, 1.6 and 1.4 times the percent dmft >0, mean dmft, SiC primary and SiC10 primary, respectively, of their non-Indigenous counterparts, while Indigenous children aged 6+ years had 1.3, 1.7, 1.7 and 1.6 times the percent DMFT > 0, mean DMFT, SiC permanent and SiC10 permanent, respectively, of non-Indigenous children. Indigenous children in the regional area had significantly higher caries prevalence and severity than Indigenous children at a state-level.
Conclusion: Indigenous children in South Australia’s mid-north region are dentally disadvantaged in comparison with their non-Indigenous counterparts and with the general South Australian Indigenous child population.