Indigenous perinatal and neonatal outcomes: A time for preventive strategies


Associate Professor Susan Sayers, Menzies School of Health Research, PO Box 41096, Casuarina NT 0811, Australia. Fax: 0889275187; email:


Pregnancy outcomes for Indigenous mothers and babies have improved, but marked disparities remain between Indigenous and non-Indigenous women. Many contributors to these disparities such as smoking, alcohol use, poor nutrition, infection, teenage pregnancy and stress are preventable or modifiable particularly if addressed prior to pregnancy. It is suggested that we expand our reproductive health research, education and care to a life course approach beginning in early adolescence.