Intolerance to food additives – does it exist?
Article first published online: 29 DEC 2010
© 2010 The Authors. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health © 2010 Paediatrics and Child Health Division (Royal Australasian College of Physicians)
Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Volume 48, Issue 2, pages E10–E14, February 2012
How to Cite
Turner, P. J. and Kemp, A. S. (2012), Intolerance to food additives – does it exist?. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, 48: E10–E14. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2010.01933.x
- Issue published online: 9 FEB 2012
- Article first published online: 29 DEC 2010
- Accepted for publication 25 April 2010.
- food additive;
- food allergy;
- food intolerance;
- non-allergic food hypersensitivity
‘Food intolerance’ is often confused with a range of adverse symptoms which may be coincidental to ingestion of food. ‘Food intolerance’ is defined as a reaction in which symptoms must be objectively reproducible and not known to involve an immunological mechanism. A more precise term is non-allergic food hypersensitivity, which contrasts with food allergies which are due to an immunological mechanism. Some children will experience food reactions to food additives. Reported symptoms range from urticaria/angioedema to hyperactive behaviours. While parents/carers report that over one fifth of children experience of food reaction, only 1 in 20 of these are confirmed to have a non-allergic food hypersensitivity on testing.