Can asthma education improve the treatment of acute asthma exacerbation in young children?

Authors

  • Yien Yien Soo,

    1. Faculty of Pharmacy, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
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  • Bandana Saini,

    1. Faculty of Pharmacy, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
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  • Rebekah Jane Moles

    Corresponding author
    1. Faculty of Pharmacy, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
      Dr Rebekah Moles, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sydney, Camperdown Campus, Science Road, Room N517, Building A15, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. Fax: +61 29351 4391; email: rebekah.moles@sydney.edu.au
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  • Conflict of interest: None declared.

Dr Rebekah Moles, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sydney, Camperdown Campus, Science Road, Room N517, Building A15, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia. Fax: +61 29351 4391; email: rebekah.moles@sydney.edu.au

Abstract

Acute exacerbation of asthma requires timely and appropriate treatment. Young children are completely reliant on others in this respect. This paper aims to evaluate the effectiveness of staff asthma education programs in ensuring correct treatment for young children experiencing asthma exacerbations in formal care. A systematic review was undertaken of studies focusing on staff asthma education in relation to pharmacological treatment of acute asthma exacerbation. Three randomised controlled trials and seven uncontrolled pre- and post-test intervention studies were included for review. Asthma education was found to increase staff knowledge and confidence in managing asthma. There was a distinct lack of staff performance testing and studies undertaken in the pre-school setting. Staff asthma education appears effective in increasing asthma knowledge; however, utility of this measure is limited with respect to staff performance in treating acute asthma exacerbation. Further studies evaluating asthma education through performance are needed.

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