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Congenital lumbar hernia: 20 years' single centre experience


  • Conflict of interest: None declared.

Dr Anand Pandey, Department of Pediatric Surgery, King George's Medical University, Lucknow, 226003 U.P., India. Email:


Aim:  Congenital lumbar hernia is an uncommon anomaly with only few cases reported in the English literature. This study was done to study the incidence, associated conditions, management and complications of congenital lumbar hernia repair in paediatric patients.

Methods:  Retrospective study of all patients over a period of 20 years (January 1990 to January 2010) was analysed.

Results:  A total of 18 patients (two bilateral hernias) were encountered in this series. All were in the age group of 1 day to 6 years. All the patients were operated by open technique. Primary repair was done in 14 patients and prosthetic meshplasty in two. Two patients could not be operated. The average follow-up period was 3 years. There was no follow-up loss in our study. There was no evidence of recurrence in this series.

Conclusion:  Up until now, the total number of cases is 68. The large size of hernia defect (>10 cm) may determine the use of prosthetic mesh repair. Proper surgical treatment, either primary repair or hernioplasty, provides adequate management of this condition.