Aim: The clinical course and outcome of patients with haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) caused by Puumala (PUUV) and Dobrava viruses (DOBV) were analyzed and whether it left long-term consequences on kidney function after 10 years was evaluated.
Methods: Cross-sectional studies were conducted to test the kidney function and blood pressure of HFRS-affected patients and to follow them up 10 years after. Eighty-two PUUV- and 53 DOBV-induced HFRS patients and 14 and 31 participants 10 years after having contracted PUUV- and DOBV-related diseases, respectively were evaluated.
Results: Serum creatinine concentrations were 279.5 and 410 mcmol/L in PUUV and DOBV groups, respectively (P = 0.005). There were six and 13 anuric (P < 0.05), none and seven dialysis-dependant (P < 0.05), and nine and 18 hypotensive patients (P < 0.05) in PUUV and DOBV groups, respectively. After 10 years, glomerular filtration rates were 122.1 ± 11.1 and 104.7 ± 20.2 mL/min (P < 0.05) in PUUV and DOBV groups, respectively.
Conclusion: During the acute phase, DOBV causes more severe renal impairment than PUUV infection. After 10 years follow up, renal function was found within normal limits, although after DOBV infection glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was significantly lower than after PUUV infection.