These authors contributed equally to this work.
High incidence and recurrence of transitional cell carcinoma in Taiwanese patients with end-stage renal disease
Article first published online: 9 JUN 2010
© 2010 The Authors. Nephrology © 2010 Asian Pacific Society of Nephrology
Volume 16, Issue 2, pages 225–231, February 2011
How to Cite
WANG, T.-Y., HU, C.-J., KUO, C.-W., CHEN, Y., LIN, J.-L., YANG, C.-W. and YEN, T.-H. (2011), High incidence and recurrence of transitional cell carcinoma in Taiwanese patients with end-stage renal disease. Nephrology, 16: 225–231. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1797.2010.01366.x
- Issue published online: 27 JAN 2011
- Article first published online: 9 JUN 2010
- Accepted manuscript online: 9 JUN 2010 12:00AM EST
- Accepted for publication 21 May 2010. Accepted manuscript online 9 June 2010.
- end-stage renal disease;
- peritoneal dialysis;
- transitional cell carcinoma
Aim: This study examines the epidemiology of transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) population from Taiwan, the area with the highest incidence and prevalence of ESRD.
Methods: A total of 98 out of 10 890 ESRD patients were referred for management of TCC between 2000 and 2008. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data were collected and patient mortality and tumour recurrence rates were analyzed.
Results: TCC patients were aged 61.4 ± 10.2 years and 66.3% were female. The average time from initiation of dialysis to tumour detection was 51.2 ± 36.4 months. Hypertensive nephrosclerosis, diabetes mellitus, chronic glomerulonephritis and unknown aetiology accounted for 25.5%, 20.4%, 22.4% and 31.6% of the causes of renal failure, respectively. The aetiology of renal failure for the 31.6% of patients was unclear, but chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis following long-term consumption of Chinese herbs (19.4%) or analgesic compounds (3.1%) was considered in some patients. Almost all (98.0%) patients presented with gross haematuria. Most TCC were in early stage (stage 0, 3.1%; stage I, 56.1%) during diagnosis. At the end of this study, 17 of 98 (17.3%) patients died. Multivariate Cox regression analysis found that age (odds ratio = 1.140, 95% confidence interval = 1.049–1.239, P = 0.002) and tumour pain (odds ratio = 0.234, 95% confidence interval = 0.057–0.961, P = 0.044) were significant risk factors for all-cause mortality. Furthermore, 35.7% of TCC recurred during follow up. The 5 year patient and tumour-free survival rates were 72.4% and 14.4%, respectively.
Conclusion: The data shows that Taiwanese patients with ESRD had high incidence (0.9%) and recurrence (35.7%) of TCC.