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Keywords:

  • advanced oxidation protein product;
  • continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis;
  • haemodialysis;
  • ischaemic heart disease

ABSTRACT:

Aim:  Whether the burden of advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP) accumulation, a marker of oxidative stress, is affected by dialysis modality remains unclear. We compared the serum levels of AOPP in patients on haemodialysis (HD) and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) and tested the hypothesis that an accumulation of AOPP was an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

Methods:  This was a cross-section study. A total of 2095 patients (1539 HD, 556 CAPD) were recruited from the nine largest dialysis centres in China. Persons in medical centres for disease screening were selected as controls. Patients maintained on HD were dialyzed twice or thrice weekly. CAPD patients used lactate-buffered, glucose-containing solutions. The patients' data were abstracted from the medical record. The serum levels of AOPP were determined by spectrophotometric detection.

Results:  The levels of AOPP were significantly elevated in both HD and CAPD patients compared to healthy controls. Accumulation of AOPP was more significant in HD compared to CAPD population. Meanwhile, AOPP accumulation was associated with the presence of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) only in HD, but not CAPD patients. A higher proportion of IHD was found in the HD population among those with higher levels of AOPP in each category of age and irrespective of the presence or absence of high triglyceride. Multivariate regression analysis indicated that accumulation of AOPP was an independent risk factor for IHD in HD population.

Conclusion:  Accumulation of AOPP was more significant in HD compared to CAPD patients. The level of AOPP was independently associated with IHD only in HD patients.