Suicide and suicide attempts in general hospital psychiatry: Clinical and statistical study
Article first published online: 17 MAR 2008
Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Volume 49, Issue 1, pages 43–48, March 1995
How to Cite
HATTORI, T., TAKETANI, K. and OGASAWARA, Y. (1995), Suicide and suicide attempts in general hospital psychiatry: Clinical and statistical study. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 49: 43–48. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1819.1995.tb01855.x
- Issue published online: 17 MAR 2008
- Article first published online: 17 MAR 2008
- Received 9 March 1994 revised 30 September 1994 11 November 1994
- consultation-liaison psychiatry;
- emergency medicine;
- suicide attempt.
Abstract Thirty-six psychiatric patients with completed suicide, 162 with attempted suicide and 154 patients referred for suicidal behavior, four of whom died, were investigated and classified according to the ICD-10. Thirty-six patients with completed suicide among 9085 new psychiatric patients (1969-92) gave a suicide rate of 82.6/100 000 per year. Schizoaffective and depressive disorder in psychiatric patients with completed suicide and schizophrenia, depressive disorder and adjustment disorders in patients with attempted suicide were significantly more frequent than in 312 controls. Intrafamilial conflicts, divorce or loss of love and death or severe disease of family member were the most common precipitants. Loneliness from living alone in males, losing a spouse and intrafamilial conflicts within a large family of three generations in females were supposed to be risk factors. A high referral rate of 48% in attempted suicide indicated the important role of consultation-liaison psychiatry in emergency medicine.