A literature review, a population survey and analysis of hospital statistics were used to assess the needs and the popularity of psychotherapy in Taiwan. Three community epidemiological studies revealed very similar prevalence rates of minor mental disorders. The statistics of the Children's Mental Health Center revealed that intensive psychotherapy was not a popular treatment received by patients. The second cycle Taiwan Social Change Survey also showed a high rate of anxiety and depression in the community. It also revealed a low acceptance of psychotherapy for treatment of anxiety and depression provided by professionals. The discrepancy between the great potential needs for psychotherapy and the unpopularity of psychotherapy in practice was discussion. Methods to make psychotherapy more popular are also suggested.