• 1
    American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM-IV), 4th edn. American Psychiatric Association, Washington, DC, 1994.
  • 2
    Wilens TE, Spencer TJ. The stimulants revisited. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry Clin. N. Am. 2000; 9: 573603.
  • 3
    Spencer T, Biederman J, Wilens T, Harding M, O'Donnell D, Griffin S. Pharmacotherapy of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder across the life cycle. J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry 1996; 35: 409432.
  • 4
    Swason JM. Effect of stimulant medication on hyperactive children: a ‘review of reviews’. Excep. Child 1993; 60: 154162.
  • 5
    Jensen P, Arnold L, Richters J et al. 14-month randomized clinical trial of treatment strategies for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 1999; 56: 10731086.
  • 6
    Greenhill LL, Halperin JM, Abikoff H. Stimulant medications. J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry 1999; 38: 503512.
  • 7
    American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Quality Improvement and Subcommittee on Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder. Clinical practice guideline: treatment of the school-aged child with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Pediatrics 2001; 108: 10331044.
  • 8
    Barkley RA, Grodzinsky G, Dupaul GJ. Frontal lobe functions in attention deficit disorder with and without hyperactivity: a review and research report. J. Abnorm. Child Psychol. 1992; 20: 163188.
  • 9
    Wechsler D. Manual for the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, 3rd edn. Psychological Corp, New York, 1991.
  • 10
    Raven JC. Standard Progressive Matrices. Cambridge University Press, London, 1958.
  • 11
    Conners CK. Manual for Conners Rating Scales. North Tonawanda, NY, 1989.
  • 12
    Lin M. Preliminary report of children's activity rating scale. Master's Thesis, National Taiwan University, Taiwan, 1979.
  • 13
    Chou W, Wang Y, Chen Y. The assessment of clinical application of activity rating scales in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. Chin. Psychiatry 1993; 7: 162171.
  • 14
    Rosvold HE, Mirsky AF, Sarason I, Bransome EDJ, Beck LH. A continuous performance test of brain damage. J. Consult. Psychol. 1956; 20: 343350.
  • 15
    Mirsky AF, Antony BJ, Duncan CC, Ahearn MB, Kellam SG. Analysis of the elements of attention: a neuropsychological approach. Neuropsychol. Rev. 1991; 2: 109145.
  • 16
    Heaton RK. A Manual for the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. Psychological Assessment Resources, Odessa, FL, 1981.
  • 17
    Krikorian R, Bartok J, Gay N. Tower of London procedure: a standard method and developmental data. J. Clin. Exp. Neuropsychol. 1994; 16: 840850.
  • 18
    Schachter HM, Pham B, King J, Langford S, Moher D. How efficacious and safe is short-acting methylphenidate for the treatment of attention-deficit disorder in children and adolescents? A meta-analysis. Can. Med. Assoc. J. 2001; 165: 14751488.
  • 19
    Barkley RA. Behavioral inhibition, sustained attention, and executive functions: constructing a unifying theory of ADHD. Psychol. Bull. 1997; 121: 6594.
  • 20
    Famularo R, Fenton T. The effect of methylphenidate on school grades in children with attention deficit disorder without hyperactivity: a preliminary report. J. Clin. Psychiatry 1987; 48: 112114.
  • 21
    Carlson CL, Pelham WE Jr, Milich R, Dixon J. Single and combined effects of methylphenidate and behavior therapy on the classroom performance of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder. J. Abnorm. Child Psychol. 1992; 20: 213232.
  • 22
    Evans SW, Pelham WE, Smith BH et al. Dose–response effects of methylphenidate on ecologically valid measures of academic performance and classroom behavior in adolescents with ADHD. Exp. Clin. Psychopharmacol. 2001; 9: 163175.
  • 23
    Biederman J, Faraone S, Milberger S et al. A prospective 4-year follow-up study of attention-deficit hyperactivity and related disorders. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 1996; 53: 437446.
  • 24
    Mannuzza S, Klein RG. Long-term prognosis in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry Clin. N. Am. 2000; 9: 711726.