SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Kral VA. Senescent forgetfulness: benign and malignant. Can. Med. Assoc. J. 1962; 86: 257260.
  • 2
    Crook T, Bartus RT, Ferris SH, Whitehouse P, Cohen GD, Gershon SG. Age-associated memory impairment: proposed diagnostic criteria and measures of clinical change – report of a National Institute of Mental Health Work Group. Dev. Neuropsychol. 1986; 2: 261276.
  • 3
    Levy R on behalf of the Aging-Associated Cognitive Decline Working Party. Aging-associated cognitive decline. Int. Psychogeriatr. 1994; 6: 6368.
  • 4
    Ritchie K, Touchon J. Mild cognitive impairment: conceptual basis and current nosological status. Lancet 2000; 355: 225228.
  • 5
    Petersen RC, Smith GE, Waring SC, Ivnik RJ, Tangalos EG, Kokmen E. Mild cognitive impairment: clinical characterization and outcome. Arch. Neurol. 1999; 56: 303308.
  • 6
    Graham JE, Rockwood K, Beattie BL et al. Prevalence and severity of cognitive impairment with and without dementia in an elderly population. Lancet 1997; 349: 17931796.
  • 7
    Flicker C, Ferris FH, Reisberg B. Mild cognitive impairment in the elderly: predictors of dementia. Neurology 1991; 41: 10061009.
  • 8
    Ishizaki J, Meguro K, Ohe K et al. Therapeutic psychological intervention for elderly subjects with very mild Alzheimer disease in a community: The Tajiri Project. Alzheimer Dis. Assoc. Disord. 2002; 16: 261269.
  • 9
    Hughes CP, Berg L, Danziger WL, Cohen LA, Martin RL. A new clinical scale for the staging of dementia. Br. J. Psychiatry 1982; 140: 566572.
  • 10
    Morris JC. The clinical dementia rating (CDR): current version and scoring rules. Neurology 1993; 43: 24122414.
  • 11
    Reisberg B, Ferris SH, De Leon MJ, Crook T. The global deterioration scale for assessment of primary degenerative dementia. Am. J. Psychiatry 1982; 139: 11361139.
  • 12
    Morris JC, Mckeel DW Jr, , Storandt M et al. Very mild Alzheimer's disease: informant-based clinical, psychometric, and pathologic distinction from normal aging. Neurology 1991; 41: 469478.
  • 13
    Morris JC, Storandt M, Mckeel DW Jr. et al. Cerebral amyloid deposition and diffuse plaques in ‘normal’ aging: evidence for presymptomatic and very mild Alzheimer's disease. Neurology 1996; 46: 707719.
  • 14
    Daly E, Zaitchik D, Copeland M, Schmahmann J, Gunther J, Albert M. Predicting conversion to Alzheimer's disease using standardized clinical information. Arch. Neurol. 2000; 57: 675680.
  • 15
    Rubin EH, Morris JC, Grant EA, Vendegna T. Very mild senile dementia of the Alzheimer's disease, I: clinical assessment. Arch. Neurol. 1989; 46: 379382.
  • 16
    Morris JC, Storandt M, Miller JP et al. Mild cognitive impairment represents early-stage Alzheimer disease. Arch. Neurol. 2001; 58: 397405.
  • 17
    Bayley PJ, Salmon DP, Bondi MW et al. Comparison of the serial-position effect in very mild Alzheimer's disease, mild Alzheimer's disease, and amnesia associated with electroconvulsive therapy. J. Int. Neuropsychol. Soc. 2000; 6: 290298.
  • 18
    Petersen RC, Smith G, Kokmen E, Ivnik RJ, Tangalos EG. Memory function in normal aging. Neurology 1992; 42: 396401.
  • 19
    Glanzer M, Cunitz A. Two storage mechanisms in free recall. J. Verb. Learn. Verb. Behav. 1966; 5: 351360.
  • 20
    Harris SJ, Dowson JH. Recall of a 10-word list in the assessment of dementia in the elderly. Br. J. Psychiatry 1982; 141: 524527.
  • 21
    Miller E. On the nature of the memory disorder in presenile dementia. Neuropsychologia 1971; 9: 7581.
  • 22
    Pepin EP, Eslinger PJ. Verbal memory decline in Alzheimer's disease: a multiple-processes deficit. Neurology 1989; 39: 14771482.
  • 23
    Baddeley A. Working Memory. Oxford University Press, London, 1986.
  • 24
    Spinnler H, Sala DS, Bandera R, Baddeley A. Dementia, ageing, and the structure of human memory. Cogn. Neuropsychol. 1988; 5: 193211.
  • 25
    Ishii H, Meguro K, Ishizaki J et al. Prevalence of senile dementia in a rural community in Japan: The Tajiri Project. Arch. Gerontol. Geriatr. 1999; 29: 249265.
  • 26
    Meguro K, Ishii H, Yamaguchi S et al. Prevalence of dementia and dementing disease in Japan: the Tajiri Project. Arch. Neurol. 2002; 59: 11091114.
  • 27
    Rosen WG, Mohs RC, Davis KL. A new rating scale for Alzheimer's disease. Am. J. Psychiatry 1984; 141: 13561364.
  • 28
    Homma A, Fukuzawa K, Tsukada Y, Ishii T, Hasegawa K, Mohs RC. Development of a Japanese version of Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale (ADAS). Jpn. J. Geriatr. Psychiatry 1992; 3: 647655 (in Japanese).
  • 29
    Bemelmans KJ, Goekoop JG. The contribution of list length to the absence of the primacy effect in word recall in dementia of the Alzheimer type. Psychol. Med. 1991; 21: 10471050.
  • 30
    Petersen RC, Smith GE, Ivnik RJ, Kokmen E, Tangalos EG. Memory function in very early Alzheimer's disease. Neurology 1994; 44: 867872.
  • 31
    Wang QS, Nhou JN. Retrieval and encoding of episodic memory in normal aging and patients with mild cognitive impairment. Brain Res. 2002; 924: 113115.
  • 32
    Miller ER. Short- and long-term memory in patients with presenile dementia (Alzheimer's disease). Psychol. Med. 1973; 3: 221224.
  • 33
    Arnaiz E, Jelic V, Almkvist O et al. Impaired cerebral glucose metabolism and cognitive functioning predict deterioration in mild cognitive impairment. Neuroreport 2001; 12: 851855.
  • 34
    Chetelat G, Desgranges B, De La Sayette V, Viader F, Eustache F, Baron J-C. Mild cognitive impairment. Can FDG-PET predict who is to rapidly convert to Alzheimer's disease? Neurology 2003; 60: 13741377.
  • 35
    Braak H, Braak E. Neuropathological staging of Alzheimer-related changes. Acta Neuropsychol. 1991; 82: 239259.
  • 36
    Meguro K, Blaizot X, Kondoh Y, Le Mestric C, Baron JC, Chavoix C. Neocortical and hippocampal glucose hypometabolism following neurotoxic lesions of the entorhinal and perirhinal cortices in the non-human primate as shown by PET implications for Alzheimer's disease. Brain 1999; 122: 15191531.
  • 37
    Collette F, Van der Linden M. Brain imaging of the central executive component of working memory. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. 2002; 26: 105125.