• 1
    Jorm AF, Korten AE, Henderson AS. The prevalence of dementia a quantitative integration of the literature. Acta Psychiatr. Scand. 1987; 76: 465479.
  • 2
    Gottfries CG, Brane G, Gullbery B et al. A new rating scale for dementia syndrome. Arch. Gerontol. Geriatr. 1982; 1: 311330.
  • 3
    Baumgarten M, Becker R, Gauthier S. Validity and reliability of the dementia behavior disturbance scale. J. Am. Geriatr. Soc. 1990; 38: 221226.
  • 4
    Lucero M, Hutchinson S, Leger-Krall S et al. Wandering in Alzheimer's dementia patients. Clin. Nurs Res. 1993; 2: 160175.
  • 5
    Thomas DW. Wandering: a proposed definition. J. Gerontol. Nurs. 1995; 21: 3541.
  • 6
    Mack JL, Patterson MB. The evaluation of behavioral disturbances in Alzheimer's disease: the utility of three rating scale. J. Geriatr. Psychiatry Neurol. 1994; 7: 99115.
  • 7
    Powell AL. On the question of the mental state of centenarians. Dementia 1992; 3: 150156.
  • 8
    Powell AL. Senile dementia of extreme agings: a common disorder of centenarians. Dementia 1994; 5: 106109.
  • 9
    Rahkonen T, Eloniemi-Sulkava U, Halonen P et al. Delirium in non-demented oldest old in the general population: risk factors and prognosis. Int. J. Geriatr. Psychiatry 2001; 16: 415421.
  • 10
    Furuta N, Mimura M, Isono H et al. Characteristics of behavioral and psychological symptoms in the oldest patients with Alzheimer's disease. Psychogeriatrics 2004; 4: 1116.
  • 11
    Ravaglia G, Forti P, De Ronchi D et al. Prevalence and severity of dementia among northern Italian centenarians. Neurology 1999; 53: 416418.
  • 12
    Ritchie K, Kildea D, Robine JM. The relationship between age and the prevalence of senile dementia: a meta-analysis of recent. Int. J. Epidemiol. 1992; 21: 763769.
  • 13
    Ritchie K, Kildea D. Is senile dementia ‘age-related’ or ‘aging-related’?: evidence from meta-analysis of dementia prevalence in the oldest. Lancet 1995; 346: 931934.
  • 14
    Asada T, Yamagata Z, Kinoshita T et al. Prevalence of dementia and distribution of ApoE alleles in Japanese centenarians: an almost-complete survey in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan. J. Am. Geriatr. Soc. 1996; 44: 151155.
  • 15
    Siver M, Newell K, Hyman B et al. Unraveling the mystery of cognitive changes in old age: correlation of neuropsychological evaluation with neuropathological findings in the extreme old. Int. Psychogeriatr. 1998; 10: 2541.
  • 16
    Ulrich J, Spillantini MG, Goedert M et al. Abundant neurofibrillary tangles without senile plaques in a subset of patients with senile dementia. Neurodegeneration 1991; 1: 257264.
  • 17
    Bancher C, Jellingrer KA. Neurofibrillary tangle predominant form of senile dementia of Alzheimer type: a rare subtype in very old subjects. Acta Neuropathol. 1995; 88: 565570.
  • 18
    Yamada M, Itoh Y, Omoto E et al. Dementia of the Alzheimer type and related dementias in the aged: DAT subgroups and senile dementia of the neurofibrillary type. Neuropathology 1996; 16: 8998.
  • 19
    Ikeda K, Akiyama H, Arai T et al. Clinical aspects of ‘senile dementia of the tangle type’: a subset of dementia in the senium separable from late-onset Alzheimer's disease. Dement. Geriatr. Cogn. Disord 1999; 10: 611.
  • 20
    Giannakopoulos P, Hof PR, Vallaet PG et al. Quantitative analysis of neuropathologic changes in the cerebral cortex of centenarians. Prog. Neuro-Psychoph. 1995; 19: 577592.
  • 21
    Finkel SI, E Silva JC, Cohen G et al. Behavioral and psychological signs and symptoms of dementia: a consensus statement on current knowledge and implications for reseach and treatment. Int. Psychogeriatr. 1996; 8 (Suppl. 3): 399402.
  • 22
    Shinosaki K, Nishikawa T, Takeda M. Neurobiological basis of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia of the Alzheimer type. Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci. 2000; 254: 611620.