Unusual manifestations of premenstrual syndrome
Article first published online: 12 JAN 2007
Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Volume 61, Issue 1, pages 120–123, February 2007
How to Cite
HSIAO, M.-C. and LIU, C.-Y. (2007), Unusual manifestations of premenstrual syndrome. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 61: 120–123. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1819.2007.01620.x
- Issue published online: 12 JAN 2007
- Article first published online: 12 JAN 2007
- Received 25 January 2005; revised 29 June 2006; accepted 23 July 2006.
- bipolar disorder;
- premenstrual dysphoric disorder;
- premenstrual syndrome;
- recurrent brief psychotic disorder
Abstract The authors have identified six unusual manifestations of premenstrual syndrome: (i) typical premenstrual dysphoric disorder symptoms during ovulation; (ii) upper airway infection in the premenstrual phase that remits after onset of menstruation; (iii) recurrent perimenstrual erythematous and edematous skin plaques; (iv) hypomanic or manic state 2–3 days before onset of menstruation; (v) auditory hallucinations and delusion of reference, present only premenstrually; and (vi) remitted bipolar disorder presenting with premenstrual psychotic features. Psychiatrists should be aware of menstrual cycle-related changes in mental illness, physical illness, or both in women of reproductive age, if cyclic trends are suspected.