Multicomponent attention deficits in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Article first published online: 14 MAR 2007
Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Volume 61, Issue 2, pages 142–148, April 2007
How to Cite
KILIÇ, B. G., ŞENER, Ş., İLDEN KOÇKAR, A. and KARAKAŞ, S. (2007), Multicomponent attention deficits in attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 61: 142–148. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1819.2007.01629.x
- Issue published online: 14 MAR 2007
- Article first published online: 14 MAR 2007
- Received 27 January 2006; revised 10 October 2006; accepted 10 December 2006.
- attention deficit hyperactivity disorder;
Abstract The aim of this study was to examine the specific aspects of attention, such as selective attention, sustained attention, and short-term memory in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, combined subtype (ADHD-C). A total of 40 children with a diagnosis of ADHD from the 4th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, aged 6–11 years old were compared with 40 controls matched for age and gender on a battery of tests. Short-term memory span and attention was measured by Visual Aural Digit Span Test–Revised. Stroop test and the Turkish version of Cancellation Test were used to assess selective and sustained attention, respectively. In order to check for factor structure in two groups on the test scores, principal component analysis was conducted for both groups separately. Relative to the comparison children, children with ADHD showed significant deficits on tests that are related to different aspects of attention. The results are consistent with the theories explaining the biological basis of ADHD by scattered attention networks in the brain, which have reciprocal dynamic interactions. Further comparative studies are needed to elucidate whether the cognitive processes that are known to be assessed by these tests are specific to ADHD.