• 1
    Winblad B, Wimo A, Almkvist O. Outcome measures in Alzheimer's disease: Do they go far enough? Dement. Geriatr. Cogn. Disord. 2000; 11 (Suppl. 1): 310.
  • 2
    Smith GE, Kokmen E, O'Brien PC. Risk factors for nursing home placement in a population-based dementia cohort. J. Am. Geriatr. Soc. 2000; 48: 519525.
  • 3
    Lawton MP, Brody EM. Assessment of older people: Self-maintaining and instrumental activities of daily living. Gerontologist 1969; 9: 179186.
  • 4
    Katz S, Ford AB, Moskowitz RW, Jackson BA, Jaffe MW. Studies of illness in the aged. The index of ADL: A standardized measure of biological and psychosocial function. JAMA 1963; 185: 914919.
  • 5
    Kurz X, Scuvee-Moreau J, Rive B, Dresse A. A new approach to the qualitative evaluation of functional disability in dementia. Int. J. Geriatr. Psychiatry 2003; 18: 10501055.
  • 6
    Takahashi M, Tanaka K, Miyaoka H. Depression and associated factors of informal caregivers versus professional caregivers of demented patients. Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci. 2005; 59: 473480.
  • 7
    Kurz X, Scuvee-Moreau J, Salmon E, Pepin JL, Ventura M, Dresse A. [Dementia in Belgium: Prevalence in aged patients consulting in general practice]. Rev. Med. Liege 2001; 56: 835839.
  • 8
    Scuvee-Moreau J, Kurz X, Dresse A. The economic impact of dementia in Belgium: Results of the National Dementia Economic Study (NADES). Acta Neurol. Belg. 2002; 102: 104113.
  • 9
    Folstein MF, Folstein SE, McHugh PR. ‘Mini-mental state’. A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. J. Psychiatr. Res. 1975; 12: 189198.
  • 10
    Nelson E, Wasson J, Kirk J et al. Assessment of function in routine clinical practice: Description of the COOP Chart method and preliminary findings. J. Chronic Dis. 1987; 40 (Suppl. 1): 55S69S.
  • 11
    Beck AT, Beck RW. Screening depressed patients in family practice. A rapid technic. Postgrad. Med. 1972; 52: 8185.
  • 12
    Vernooij-Dassen M, Kurz X, Scuvee-Moreau J, Dresse A. [The measurement of sense of competence in caregivers of patients with dementia]. Rev. Epidemiol. Publ. 2003; 51: 227235.
  • 13
    Vernooij-Dassen MJ, Felling AJ, Brummelkamp E, Dauzenberg MG, Van Den Bos GA, Grol R. Assessment of caregiver's competence in dealing with the burden of caregiving for a dementia patient: A Short Sense of Competence Questionnaire (SSCQ) suitable for clinical practice. J. Am. Geriatr. Soc. 1999; 47: 256257.
  • 14
    Anderberg M. Cluster Analysis for Application. Academic Press, New York, 1973.
  • 15
    Butters MA, Lopez OL, Becker JT. Focal temporal lobe dysfunction in probable Alzheimer's disease predicts a slow rate of cognitive decline. Neurology 1996; 46: 687692.
  • 16
    Ownby RL, Seibel HP. Empirical clusters of disordered behavior among older psychiatric inpatients. J. Gerontol. 1990; 45: P28P32.
  • 17
    Mezzich JE. Evaluating clustering methods for psychiatric diagnosis. Biol. Psychiatry 1978; 13: 265281.
  • 18
    Gilhooly M. The impact of care-giving on care-givers: Factors associated with the psychological well-being of people supporting a dementing relative in the community. Br. J. Med. Psychol. 1984; 57: 3544.
  • 19
    Rosenvinge H, Jones D, Judge E, Martin A. Demented and chronic depressed patients attending a day hospital: Stress experienced by carers. Int. J. Geriatr. Psychiatry 1998; 13: 811.
  • 20
    Grafstrom M, Winblad B. Family burden in the care of the demented and nondemented elderly: A longitudinal study. Alzheimer Dis. Assoc. Disord. 1995; 9: 7886.
  • 21
    Bell CM, Araki SS, Neumann PJ. The association between caregiver burden and caregiver health-related quality of life in Alzheimer disease. Alzheimer Dis. Assoc. Disord. 2001; 15: 129136.
  • 22
    Williamson G, Schulz R. Coping with specific stressors in Alzheimer's disease caregiving. Gerontologist 1993; 33: 747755.
  • 23
    Pruchno R, Potashnick S. Caregiving spouses: Physical and mental health in perspective. J. Am. Geriatr. Soc. 1989; 37: 697705.
  • 24
    Gilleard C, Belford H, Gilleard E, Whittick J, Gledhill K. Emotional distress amongst the supporters of the elderly mentally infirm. Br. J. Psychiatry 1984; 145: 172177.
  • 25
    Baumgarten M, Battista R, Infante-Rivard C. The psychological and physical health of family members caring for an elderly person with dementia. J. Clin. Epidemiol. 1992; 45: 6170.
  • 26
    Perel VD. Psychosocial impact of alzheimer disease. JAMA 1998; 279: 10381039.
  • 27
    Pearlin L, Mullan J, Semple S, Skaff M. Caregiving and the stress process: An overview of concepts and their measures. Gerontologist 1990; 30: 583594.
  • 28
    Gallagher-Thompson D, Dal Canto P, Jacob T, Thompson L. A comparison of marital interaction patterns between couples in which the husband does or does not have Alzheimer's disease. J. Gerontol. B Psychol. Sci. Soc. Sci. 2001; 56: S140S150.
  • 29
    Grand A, Grand-Filaire A, Bocquet H, Clement S. Caregiver stress: A failed negotiation. A qualitative study in south west France. Int. J. Aging Hum. Dev. 1999; 49: 179195.
  • 30
    Cantor M. Strain among caregivers: A study of experience in the United States. Gerontologist 1983; 23: 597604.
  • 31
    Bontout O, Colin C, Kerjosse R. Personnes âgées dépendantes et aidants potentiels: Une projection à l'horizon 2040. DREES. Etud. Résult. 2002; 160: 110.
  • 32
    Hu T, Huang L, Cartwright W. Evaluation of the costs of caring for the senile demented elderly: A pilot study. Gerontologist 1986; 26: 158163.
  • 33
    Rice D, Fox PJ, Max W et al. The economic burden of alzheimer's disease care. Health Affairs 1993; 12: 164176.
  • 34
    Draper B, Poulos C, Cole A, Poulos R, Ehhrlich F. A comparison of caregivers for elderly stroke and dementia victims. J. Am. Geriatr. Soc. 1992; 40: 896901.
  • 35
    Hinrichsen G, Niederehe G. Dementia management strategies and adjustment of family members of older patients. Gerontologist 1994; 32: 95102.
  • 36
    Stern Y, Tang MX, Albert MS et al. Predicting time to nursing home care and death in individuals with Alzheimer disease [see comments]. JAMA 1997; 277: 806812.
  • 37
    Barer B, Johnson C. A critique of the caregiving literature. Gerontologist 1990; 30: 2629.
  • 38
    Dura J, Kiecolt-Glaser J. Sample bias in caregiving research. J. Gerontol. Psychol. Sci. 1990; 45: P200P204.
  • 39
    Connell CM, Shaw BA, Holmes SB, Foster NL. Caregivers' attitudes toward their family members' participation in Alzheimer disease research: Implications for recruitment and retention. Alzheimer Dis. Assoc. Disord. 2001; 15: 137145.
  • 40
    Pinquart M, Sorensen S. Associations of stressors and uplifts of caregiving with caregiver burden and depressive mood: A meta-analysis. J. Gerontol. B Psychol. Sci. Soc. Sci. 2003; 58: P112P128.
  • 41
    Sink KM, Covinsky KE, Barnes DE, Newcomer RJ, Yaffe K. Caregiver characteristics are associated with neuropsychiatric symptoms of dementia. J. Am. Geriatr. Soc. 2006; 54: 796803.
  • 42
    Schulz R, Martire LM. Family caregiving of persons with dementia: Prevalence, health effects, and support strategies. Am. J. Geriatr. Psychiatry 2004; 12: 240249.
  • 43
    Bosanquet N. The socioeconomic impact of Alzheimer's disease. Int. J. Geriatr. Psychiatry 2001; 16: 249253.