SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Boston PF, Dursun SM, Reveley MA. Cholesterol and mental disorder. Br. J. Psychiatry 1996; 169: 682689.
  • 2
    Modai I, Valevski A, Dror S, Weizman A. Serum cholesterol levels and suicidal tendencies in psychiatric inpatients. J. Clin. Psychiatry 1994; 55: 252254.
  • 3
    Golier JA, Marzuk PM, Leon AC, Weiner C, Tardiff K. Low serum cholesterol level and attempted suicide. Am. J. Psychiatry 1995; 152: 419423.
  • 4
    Glueck CJ, Tieger M, Kunkel R, Hamer T, Tracy T, Speirs J. Hypocholesterolemia and affective disorders. Am. J. Med. Sci. 1994; 308: 218225.
  • 5
    Morgan RE, Palinkas LA, Barrett-Connor EL, Wingard DL. Plasma cholesterol and depressive symptoms in older men. Lancet 1993; 341: 7579.
  • 6
    Swartz CM. Albumin decrement in depression and cholesterol decrement in mania. J. Affect. Disord. 1990; 19: 173176.
  • 7
    Cassidy F, Carroll BJ. Hypocholesterolemia during mixed manic episodes. Eur. Arch. Psychiatry Clin. Neurosci. 2002; 252: 110114.
  • 8
    Ghaemi SN, Shields GS, Hegarty JD, Goodwin FK. Cholesterol levels in mood disorders: High or low? Bipolar Disord. 2000; 2: 6064.
  • 9
    Atmaca M, Kuloglu M, Tezcan E, Ustundag B, Bayik Y. Serum leptin and cholesterol levels in patients with bipolar disorder. Neuropsychobiology 2002; 46: 176179.
  • 10
    Pae CU, Kim JJ, Lee SJ, Lee C, Paik IH, Lee CU. Aberration of cholesterol level in first-onset bipolar I patients. J. Affect. Disord. 2004; 83: 7982.
  • 11
    Benazzi F. Mood patterns and classification in bipolar disorder. Curr. Opin. Psychiatry 2006; 19: 18.
  • 12
    Hwu HG, Yang SY. Psychiatrist diagnostic assessment: Establishment and inter-rater reliability. Chin. Psychiatry 1988; 2: 267278.
  • 13
    Tsai SY, Yang YY, Kuo CJ, Chen CC, Leu SJC. Effects of symptomatic severity on elevation of plasma soluble interleukin-2 receptor in bipolar mania. J. Affect. Disord. 2001; 64: 185193.
  • 14
    Tsai SY, Chen CC, Yeh EK. Alcohol problems and long-term psychosocial outcome in Chinese patients with bipolar disorder. J. Affect. Disord. 1997; 46: 143150.
  • 15
    Young RC, Biggs JT, Ziegler VE, Meyer DA. A rating scale for mania: Reliability, validity and sensitivity. Br. J. Psychiatry 1978; 133: 429435.
  • 16
    Hamilton M. A rating scale for depression. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatry 1960; 23: 5662.
  • 17
    Hedlund JL, Vieweg BW. The Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS): A comprehensive review. J. Oper. Psychiatry 1980; 11: 4865.
  • 18
    Frank E, Prien RF, Jarrett RB et al. Conceptualization and rationale for consensus definitions of terms in major depressive disorder: Remission, recovery, relapse, and recurrence. Arch. Gen. Psychiatry 1991; 48: 851855.
  • 19
    Allain CC, Poon LS, Chan CSG. Enzymatic determination of total serum cholesterol. Clin. Chem. 1974; 20: 470475.
  • 20
    Friedewald WT, Levy RI, Fredrickson DS. Estimation of the concentration of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in plasma, without use of the preparative ultracentrifuge. Clin. Chem. 1972; 18: 499502.
  • 21
    Bagby RM, Ryder AG, Schuller DR, Marshall MB. The Hamilton depression rating scale: Has the gold standard become a lead weight? Am. J. Psychiatry 2004; 161: 21632177.
  • 22
    Harish T, Grover S, Basu D. Recurrent unipolar mania: Does it warrant a separate nosological status? German J. Psychiatry 2005; 8: 815.
  • 23
    Tsai SY, Chen KP, Yang YY et al. Activation of indices of cell-mediated immunity in bipolar mania. Biol. Psychiatry 1999; 45: 989994.
  • 24
    Rapaport MH, McAllister CG, Kim YS et al. Increased serum soluble interleukin-2 receptors in caucasian and Korean schizophrenic patients. Biol. Psychiatry 1994; 35: 767771.
  • 25
    Chen CJ, You SL, Bai CH et al. Prevalence of hypertension, hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia in Taiwan: a nationwide survey. Taipei: Department of Health, Executive Yuan (Taiwan), 2004. [Cited 30 January 2006.] Available from URL: http://health91.bhp.doh.gov.tw/pdf/3H/08.pdf
  • 26
    Alvarez JC, Cremniter D, Gluck N et al. Low serum cholesterol in violent but not in non-violent suicide attempters. Psychiatry Res. 2000; 95: 103108.
  • 27
    Angst J, Sellaro R. Historical perspectives and natural history of bipolar disorder. Biol. Psychiatry 2000; 48: 445457.
  • 28
    Lee HC, Tsai SY, Lin HC. Seasonal variations in bipolar disorder admissions and the association with climate: A population-based study. J. Affect. Disord. 2007; 97: 6169.