Panic symptoms in schizophrenia: Comorbidity and clinical correlates

Authors


Koksal Alptekin, MD, Dokuz Eylul Universitesi, Tip Fakultesi Psikiyatri AD., 35340 Inciralti/Izmir, Turkey. Email: koksal.alptekin@deu.edu.tr

Abstract

Abstract  The aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of panic attack (PA) and panic disorder (PD) in patients with schizophrenia and detect the clinical features. Forty-nine patients with schizophrenia were included in the study. Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS), Clinical Global Impression (CGI), Extrapyramidal Symptom Rating Scale (ESRS) and Bandelow Panic and Agoraphobia Rating Scale were administered. Fifteen patients were found to have PA and seven patients had PD. Patients with panic symptoms had higher scores of PANSS, HDRS, CGI and ESRS. Comorbid panic symptoms in schizophrenia may be related to positive symptoms, extrapyramidal side-effects and depression.

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