SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

REFERENCES

  • 1
    Army Individual Test Battery, Manual of Directions and Scoring. War Department, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, DC, 1944.
  • 2
    Lezak MD, Howieson DB, Loring DW. Neuropsychological Assessment, 4th edn. Oxford University Press, New York, 2004.
  • 3
    Reitan RM. Validity of the trail making test as an indicator of organic brain damage. Percept. Mot. Skills 1958; 8: 271276.
  • 4
    Crowe SF. The differential contribution of mental tracking, cognitive flexibility, visual search, and motor speed to performance of part A and B of the Trail Making Test. J. Clin. Psychol. 1998; 54: 585591.
  • 5
    Stuss DT, Levine B. Adult clinical neuropsychology: lessons from studies of the frontal lobes. Annu. Rev. Psychol. 2002; 53: 410433.
  • 6
    Olivera-Souza RD, Moll J, Passman LJ et al. Trail making and cognitive set-shifting. Arq. Neuropsychiatr 2000; 58: 826829.
  • 7
    Reitan R. Trail Making Test results for normal and brain-damaged child. Percept. Mot. Skills 1971; 33: 575581.
  • 8
    Kortte KB, Horner MD, Windham WK. The Trail Making Test, Part B: Cognitive flexibility or ability to maintain set? Neuropsychology 2002; 9: 106109.
  • 9
    Stuss DT, Alexander MP, Levine B, Katz D, Izukawa D. The Trail Making Test: A study in focal lesion patients. Psychol. Assess. 2001; 13: 230239.
  • 10
    Brooks J, Fos LA, Greve KW, Hammond JS. Assessment of executive function in patients with mild traumatic brain injury. J. Trauma Injury Infect. Clin. Care 1999; 46: 159163.
  • 11
    Heilbronner RL, Henry GM, Buck P, Adams RL, Fogle T. Lateralized brain damage and performance on Trail Making A and B, digit span forward and backward, and Tactual Performance Test memory and location. Arch. Clin. Neuropsychol. 1991; 6: 251258.
  • 12
    Wedding D. A comparison of statistical, actuarial and clinical models used in predicting presence, lateralization and type of brain damage in humans. Unpublished doctoral Dissertation, University of Hawaii, 1979.
  • 13
    Moll J, Oliveira-Souza R, Moll FT, Bramati IE, Andreiuolo PA. The cerebral correlates of set-shifting: An fMRI study of the trail making test. Arq. Neuropsiquiatr. 2002; 60: 900905.
  • 14
    Zakzanis KK, Mraz R, Grahamn SJ. An fMRI study of the Trail Making Test. Neuropsychologia 2005; 43: 18781886.
  • 15
    Sumitani S, Tanaka T, Tayoshi S et al. Activation of the prefrontal cortex during the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test as measured by multi channel near-infrared spectroscopy. Neuropsychobiology 2006; 53: 7076.
  • 16
    Matsuo K, Kato T, Fukuda M, Kato N. Alteration of hemoglobin oxygenation in the frontal region in elderly depressed patients as measured by near-infrared spectroscopy. J. Neuropsychiatry Clin. Neurosci. 2000; 12: 465471.
  • 17
    Zhao H, Tanigawa Y, Gao F et al. Maps of optical differential pathlength factor of human forehead, somatosensory motor and occipital regions at multiwavelengths in NIR. Phys. Med. Biol. 2002; 47: 20752093.
  • 18
    Oldfield RC. The assessment and analysis of handedness: The Edinburgh inventory. Neuropsychologia 1970; 9: 97113.
  • 19
    Tamura M, Hoshi Y, Okada F. Localized near-infrared spectroscopy and functional optical imaging of brain activity. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 1997; 352: 737742.
  • 20
    Suto T, Fukuda M, Ito M, Uehara T, Mikuni M. Multichannel near-infrared spectroscopy in depression and schizophrenia: Cognitive brain activation study. Biol. Psychiatry 2004; 55: 501511.
  • 21
    Hoshi Y. Functional near-infrared spectroscopy: Potential and limitations in neuroimaging studies. Int. Rev. Neurobiol. 2005; 66: 237266.
  • 22
    Guadino EA, Geisler MW, Squires NK. Construct validity in the Trail Making Test: What makes Part B harder? J. Clin. Exp. Neuropsychol. 1995; 17: 529535.
  • 23
    Weber P, Lutschg J, Fahnenstich H. Attention-induced frontal brain activation measured by near-infrared spectroscopy. Pediatr. Neurol. 2004; 31: 96100.
  • 24
    Golden CJ. A standardized version of Luria's neuropsychological tests. In : FilskivS, BollTJ (eds). Handbook of Clinical Neuropsychology. Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1981; 608642.